The Foundation Years Trust - Parents of 0-5s

0151 647 4830

Everyday Adventures for 1 to 2-year olds

Move it

At this age, your child is really getting around and their physical skills are developing quickly.  Encourage your child by using music to move their body in different ways.  Use rattles, spoons, pots and pans, bells or drums to make a rhythm.  Find fun tunes to play that have a lively beat. Play along with your child, as well as encouraging them to play by themselves. 

Your image

Use bubble wrap to give your child a different sensory experience.  Lay it out on the floor and let your child walk or run across it in their bare feet. Have fun running, jumping, dancing or just standing on the wrap while wiggling their toes.  Get creative and think of other items you might have around the home to make a 'sensory walk', such as grease proof paper, tin foil or dried leaves. 

Talk time

Your child may be babbling and copying lots of sounds that they hear. It's much easier to practice if they don't have a dummy during the day. 

At this age, they understand far more than they can actually say.  You can help them develop their understanding and memory by asking them to find and bring back their shoes, a ball or a favourite toy from around the house.  This also helps children learn how to follow instructions. You could also add silly instruction like 'put the sock on your head' to add some fun, make your child laugh.

Develop your child's communication skills by talking or making silly sounds through a cardboard tube and see how they react.  Let them take a turn. 

Your image

Use a toy telephone or old phone to encourage your child to use words and sounds. Pretend there's someone on the line and have a conversation.  Use silly voices and create funny characters to talk to your child. 

Who's that?

Your child is beginning to develop a sense of themselves as a separate being.  You can help this by using mirrors during play.  Try putting a dot of lipstick on their face then distract them for a few moments before putting the mirror in front of them.  If your child reacts to their image by touching the mark or trying to wipe it off, this shows they realise it themselves in the reflection and something has changed on their face.  If they don't react like this, don't worry, they soon will. 

Your image

Children love pretend play and it is really important for their learning. Use cardboard boxes to make a castle, tunnel or playhouse. Include an entrance and encourage your child to go in and out.  Try knocking on the door and asking if anyone is home (you might need to show them at first).  This is a great way to help their social skills. 

Make marks

Believe it or not, what your child does at this age can really help their writing skills in the future.  They will be happy to make a mess with their food on the table, rubbing their hands and fingers through the substance.  However, this is a vital opportunity.  You can use rice or cereal on a tray and show them how to use a finger to make marks and patterns. 

Your image

Using books at this age will help your child's future reading skills. Snuggle together and look at the pictures.  Use simple language to talk about what you see and use your voice to make funny noises.  Children at this age don't concentrate for long but try to make time for sharing books every day. 

How many?

This is a great age to begin your child on their maths journey.  They won't count in order just yet but you can say the numbers as you climb stairs or count their toes.  By using the words and naming the numbers, your child is learning their meaning and order.

Your image

You can also use maths words in your everyday activities such as 'let's pull your zip UP' or 'teddy is UNDER the bed'.

Some more maths words you can use include more, one more, less, fast, slow, up, down, under, on, lots, same, different, and so on.